DrUzir_Mahidin    Dr_Uzir, Rohaida binti Mohamad  However, English is also widely spoken in major towns and cities across the country. Most Chinese are Tao Buddhist and retain strong cultural ties to their ancestral homeland. This is particularly the case with Indian Muslims from the peninsula and the Kedayan of Borneo. They form the largest community in Malaysia and play a dominant role politically. A majority of Cantonese speaking Chinese are the descendants of immigrants who came from the Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi in the mid 19th and early 20th centuries. Arabic traders later introduced Jawi, an Arabic-based script, which became popular after the 15th century. [70] Since then the religion has become the predominant religion of the country and is recognised as the state's official religion. Source: National Census 2010,[1] Department of Statistics Malaysia, Structure of the population (01.07.2011) (Estimates – Data refer to projections based on the 2018 Population Census):[18], Structure of the population (2015 estimates) :[19]. The Chinese have been settling in Malaysia for many centuries, as seen in the emergence of the Peranakan culture, but the exodus peaked during the nineteenth century through trading and tin-mining. It used to be Malaysia's largest and only city until the 1970s when Kuala Lumpur became the capital. Because any Malay-speaking Muslim is entitled to Bumiputra privileges, many non-Malay Muslims have adopted the Malay language, customs and attire in the last few decades. Secondary students no longer sit for PMR in Form Three that has been abolished in 2014. [85], The country generally has an efficient and widespread system of health care. Help     [47][48][49] As for the Punjabis from Punjab, most of them where enlisted in the army in Malaya while some handled the bullock-cart services in the country.[50][51]. He began contributing to the Post in 2019, before joining the staff in August, 2019. [79] A programme called First Level Assessment (Penilaian Tahap Satu, PTS) taken during Primary Year 3 was abolished in 2001. In the final year of secondary education (Form Five), students sit the Malaysian Certificate of Education (Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia, SPM) examination, which is equivalent to the former British Ordinary or 'O' Levels. [43] The English-speaking Chinese minority is typically concentrated in cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Petaling Jaya, Subang Jaya, George Town, Ipoh and Malacca. Similarly, the composition of population 65 years and over (old–age) increased from 6.5 per cent to 6.7 per cent. There are over 70,000 Africans who have emigrated to Malaysia.[55]. The Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2019 presents mid-year population estimates of Malaysia and state for the year 2018–2019. A lion dances in front of the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, one of the traditional Chinese-majority Catholic parishes in Penang, Malaysia, on Feb. 4, 2019. Population distribution by states and territories, Population age distribution trends for 2001–2016. It implements a universal healthcare system, which co-exists with the private healthcare system. On the other hand, it was reported that up to 10% of Malaysian Chinese are primarily English-speaking. Kota Kinabalu Urban Area Population Projections. Chinese Independent High Schools are monitored and standardised by the United Chinese School Committees' Association of Malaysia (UCSCAM). [5] Some Chinese families, known as Peranakan ("straits-born"), have resided in Malaysia since as far back as 15th century Malacca. Fax : +603-8888 9248 The sex ratio for Citizens declined slightly from 103 males per 100 females (2010–2014) to 102 males per 100 females (2015–2019). Examinations are based on British English, although there has been much American influence through television. In tandem with Malaysia's rapid development, the proportion of urban population increased to 71.0 per cent in 2010 compared with 62.0 per cent in 2000 (Chart 5). Babas and nyonyas as a group are known as Peranakan. FAQs     Despite being the supreme courts of the land, the Civil Courts (including the Federal Court) do not hear matters related to Islamic practices,[73] as ratified by Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad in the late 1980s. Website : https://www.dosm.gov.my, Feedback     Most Malaysian Chinese follow a combination of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and ancestor-worship but, when pressed to specify their religion, will identify themselves as Buddhists. Conversely, there were more females in the old–age group (65 years and over) in the year under review (1.13 million females and 1.06 million males). The foreign university branch campuses in Malaysia are: Monash University Malaysia Campus, Curtin University, Malaysia, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus and University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus. Of these, 5.72 million live in East Malaysia and 22.5 million live in Peninsular Malaysia. According to the Population and Housing Census 2010 figures, approximately 61.3 percent of the population practised Islam; 19.8 percent Buddhism; 9.2 percent Christianity; 6.3 percent Hinduism; and 1.3 percent practise Confucianism, Taoism and other traditional Chinese religions. [76] The education system features a non-compulsory kindergarten education followed by six years of compulsory primary education,[8] and five years of optional secondary education. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age … The Bidayuhs, numbering around 170,000, are concentrated in the southwestern part of Sarawak. The population policy of the government is to achieve a stabilized population of 70 million by year 2070, which means that the fertility level must decrease from 4 to 2 children per woman. [69], Islam is thought to have been brought to Malaysia around the 12th century by Arab traders. In China, a Cantonese and a Hakka belong to different ethnic groups, but in Malaysia, all the Chinese see themselves as belonging to one ethnic group vis-à-vis the Malays and other Malaysians, and the Cantonese and Hakka are usually described as "dialect groups" or "speech-groups". According to latest projection of the 2010 census, the fertility rates of the 3 largest Malaysian groups are as follows: Malay/Bumiputera: 2.4 children per woman, Chinese: 1.4 children per woman and Indian: 1.8 children per woman. [71], Muslims are obliged to follow the decisions of Syariah courts in matters concerning their religion. [72] The jurisdiction of Shariah courts is limited only to Muslims in matters such as marriage, inheritance, divorce, apostasy, religious conversion, and custody among others. The largest group of Malaysians consist of three main races, namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. [13], Additionally, according to the World Refugee Survey 2008, published by the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI), Malaysia hosts a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately 155,700. POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH. Citizens of Minangkabau, Bugis or Javanese origins, who can be classified "Malay" under constitutional definitions may also speak their respective ancestral tongues. Despite the recognition of Islam as the state religion, the first 4 prime ministers have stressed that Malaysia could function as a secular state. Until then reading and writing were mostly the preserve of scholars and nobility, while most Malay commoners were illiterate. Education in Malaysia is monitored by the federal government Ministry of Education. The 2019 population density in Malaysia is 97 people per Km 2 (252 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 328,550 Km2 (126,854 sq. [45] They first came to Malaya for barter trade, especially in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang. Most institutions have educational links with overseas universities especially in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia, allowing students to spend a portion of their course duration abroad as well as getting overseas qualifications. Before progressing to the secondary level of education, pupils in Year 6 are required to sit the Primary School Achievement Test (Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah, UPSR). "If the migration trend continues to 2030, Malaysian Chinese would account for only 19.6 per cent of the population," Ms Ng predicted, as reported by the Free Malaysia … However, in the matriculation system, only 10 per cent of the places are open to non-Bumiputra students.[82]. [75] Literacy rates are higher among males (92%) than females (85.4%). A major problem with the health care sector is the lack of medical centres for rural areas, which the government is trying to counter through the development of and expansion of a system called "tele-primary care". Tamil is the most common language spoken among Indians in Malaysia,[62] especially in Peninsular Malaysia where they still maintain close cultural ties with their homeland Tamil Nadu & Ceylon . A small population exists of people of European and Middle Eastern descent. Malay fertility rates are 40% higher than Malaysian Indians and 56% higher than Malaysian Chinese. Contents: Subdivision The population development in Johor as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Sabah has a large amount of indigenous people, 28% of the population are Kadazan-Dusuns, and 17% are Bajaus.[10]. These schools cater to the growing expatriate population in the country and the Malaysians who want a foreign curriculum, UK based curriculum, English education or Australian curriculum as well. Although the ethnic quota system favouring Malays at such universities was abolished in 2002, disparity of student intake still exists in these universities with underrepresentation of non-Bumiputras. Malays from different states in Malaysia carry distinct dialects that can sometimes be unintelligible to most of their fellow countrymen. [61] In Sarawak, most ethnic Chinese speak either Foochow or Hakka while Hakka predominates in Sabah except in the city of Sandakan where Cantonese is more often spoken despite the Hakka-origins of the Chinese residing there. Federal Government Administrative Centre, Public Relation Officer In addition to the Malaysian National Curriculum, Malaysia has many international schools such as The International School Kuala Lumpur, Alice Smith School, Gardens International School, Cempaka Schools Malaysia, Kolej Tuanku Ja'afar...etc. KUALA LUMPUR, Jan 3 — Malaysia recorded an 11.3 per cent increase in new cancer cases from 103,507 in 2007-2011 to 115,238 in the 2012-2016 period, the Health Ministry said. miles). The Nepalese are mostly migrant workers from Nepal totalling 356,199[52][53][54] of which Malaysian Citizens are as little over 600 and lives in Rawang, Selangor. They make up about half of the total population. Malaysia is a multicultural and multiconfessional country, whose official religion is Islam. Malaysian English, also known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE), is a form of English derived from British English, although there is little official use of the term, except with relation to education. The male population increased from 16.7 million (2018) to 16.8 million. Primary schools are divided into two categories, national primary schools and vernacular school. In addition, four reputable international universities have set up their branch campuses in Malaysia since 1998. It takes six years to complete secondary education in Chinese independent schools. Regulation of sexual activities among the Muslim population is strict; with laws prohibiting unmarried couples from occupying a secluded area or a confined space to prevent suspicion of acts forbidden in Islam. Tamil community from Ceylon have their own Tamil dialect known as Sri Lankan Tamil. ", Population by Age Group (1963–2010), Department of Statistics Malaysia, "UNSD – Demographic and Social Statistics", 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Vital statistics, 9 February 2007 – Statistics Department, Malaysia – Demographic key rates, "World Population Prospects, the 2019 Revision", https://newss.statistics.gov.my/newss-portalx/ep/epProductFreeDownloadSearch.seam, "Demographic Statistics Third Quarter 2020, Malaysia", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "PM asked to clarify mixed-race bumiputra status", "Geography of Wealth — Iban People/Malaysia Profile", "KadazanDusun, Kadazan Dusun Sabahan | ABC Sabah Malaysia", "Environmental Justice Case Study: Displacement of Indigenous People in Sarawak, Malaysia", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2017 – 2018", "Table 8.1 : Total population by ethnic group, Local Authority area and state, Malaysia, 2010 Negeri : PERAK", "Chinese, and truly Malaysian – Nation – The Star Online", "Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2016 – 2017", "Non-resident Indian and Person of Indian Origin", "Indian Fulbright scholar Honored by Malaysian PM", "Total migrant workers from Terai Madhesh of Nepal to Malaysia", "1 in 10 madhesi of Madhesi are migrant workers in Malaysia : Nepali times", "Madhesi are recognizes Nepali first in Qatar, Malaysia and India", "African migrants aspire to a better life in Asia", "Ethnologue report for Malaysia (Peninsular)", "Math and Science back to Bahasa, mother tongues", "Language Log: Malaysia cracks down on "salad language, Constitution of Malaysia:Article 160 (2)-1, "Malaysia moving forward in matters of Islam and women by Marina Mahathir – Common Ground News Service", "Unmarried couples caught in Malaysia hotel raids", "Malay groups want vernacular schools abolished", "In Malaysia, English Ban Raises Fears for Future", "Is Malaysia university entry a level playing field? Some Malaysians have Caucasian ancestry and speak creole languages, such as the Portuguese-based Malaccan Creoles,[64] and the Spanish-based Zamboangueño Chavacano. [65] Thai is also spoken in some areas. Meanwhile, the population aged 15–64 years old (working age) increased from 69.7 per cent in 2018 to 70.0 per cent in 2019. The second largest ethnic group at 6.69 million are the Chinese who make up 23% of the population excluding non-citizens as of 2018. Most Malaysians are conversant in English, although some are only fluent in the Manglish form. [67], Islam is the largest and state religion of Malaysia, although Malaysia is a multi-religious society and the Malaysian constitution guarantees religious freedom. Though this is not an official category in national census data, it is an increasing number especially in urban areas due to the increasing ethnic Chinese-Indian relationships. All ethnic Malays are considered Muslim by Article 160 of the Constitution of Malaysia. 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