11, 108–12. Saxena, R.C. Taylor, T.A. (1990) Insect pests of cowpea. Insect Sci. Dhanorkar, B.K. Research Article. Aphid feeding induces symptoms that Colonization and control of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) ... Environ. 30, 2–8. (1985) Development of improved cowpea varieties in Africa. van Emden, H.F. (1991) The role of host plant resistance in insect pest mis-management. Due to heavy infestation, young seedlings succumb to death, whereas the older … FAO Plant Prot. Ent. Prevention . fecundity, egg hatching rate, survival rate, etc.) Swati Das. Grain Legume Bull. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. III. (1980) Differences in number of aphids found on lines of cowpea in a replicated trial. (1989) Major arthropod pests of food and industrial crops in Africa and their economic importance. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Jang, Y.D. and Anwar, A.M. (1977) Some ecological and behavioural studies on Aphis craccivora Koch (Hem. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 155–71. Aphis craccivora is one of the serious pest of Phaseolus sinensis and Lablab purpureus. Grain Legume Bull. : Aphididae). Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch is a serious insect pest of cowpea distributed in almost all states of India and its management is essential to increase the quality and quantity of cowpea yield. Entomol. and Gold, C.G. In S.R. Ann. Ng, N.Q. and Singh, S.R. 14, 617–19. Berg, G.N. Environ. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 39, 139-146 Ofuya, T. I. 1995. Insecticide resistance and implications for future aphid management in Australia grains and pastures: a review. (1987) Insect pest outbreaks in agroecosystems. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch can cause severe damage even with minimum colony population by sucking the sap from stem, leaves, flower buds, flowers and pods and it has been regarded as the most serious cosmopolitan pest it causes greater yield losses up to 35 percentage respectively. (1987a) A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) under field and screenhouse … compared with those fed natural prey (Aphis craccivora), likely due to different nutritional characteristics of the diet. In L. Polgar, R.J. Introduction Plants produce secondary metabolites and chemical substances to protect themselves from the attack of pests and pathogens [1]. (1989c) Effect of weeds on colonization of cowpea by Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) and its major predators in Nigeria. Farrell, J.A.K. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 604 pp. Aphis craccivora is one of the serious pest of Phaseolus sinensis and Lablab purpureus. 6 0 obj Chambers, A.F.G. Paroma Mitra. Entomophaga Ofuya, T.I. 39, 241–5. 22, 237–43. Grain Legume Bull. Ofuya, T.I. Agric. Trop. Identification of Lathyrus sativus plant volatiles causing behavioral preference of Aphis craccivora . Exp. Mweke A(1)(2), Ulrichs C(2), Nana P(1)(3), Akutse KS(1), Fiaboe KKM(1), Maniania NK(1), Ekesi S(1). and Barrion, A.A. (1987) Biotypes of insect pests of agricultural crops. 30, 155–74. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. Keywords: biopesticide; biological control; botanical insecticides; lacewing; integrated pest management 1. (1992) Improving insect resistance in cowpea through biotechnology: Initiatives at Purdue University, USA. Rev. Mechanism of influence. 30, 15–20. Perrin, R.M. In the light of recent increased interest in developing plant based secondary chemistry into products suitable for integrated pest management, the objective of the present study was to investigate the bioactivity in field simulated conditions and structure–activity relationship of some natural phenylpropenes and their related analogues (1–6) against Aphis craccivora. 13, 35965 Maxwell, F. G. (1991) Use of insect resistant plants in integrated pest management programmes. Bean aphid: Aphis craccivora (Aphididae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status Cosmopolitan, India, Africa, Argentina, China, U.S.A., Europe, Australia Host range Groundnut, red gram, peas, beans, safflower, lablab, niger Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults cause the damage by sucking the plant sap. A'Brook, J. 20, 10–11. Don-Pedro, K.N. 1. Botanical insecticides that degrade rapidly are safer than persistent synthetic chemical insecticides, less harmful to the environment, decrease production costs and are not likely to cause insecticide resistance among pests. Res., Assam Agric. Sci. (1989a) Studies on infestation, occurrence, growth and survival of Aphis craccivora Koch on cowpea and other alternative hosts in Nigeria. 77–81. Jackai, L.E.N. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae), Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 111, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages 1587–1594, … Exp. The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. 11, 773–6. Atiri, G.I., Ekpo, E.J.A. 666, 876–88. Dixon and I. Hodek (eds) Behaviour and Impact of Aphidophaga pp. Select all Unselect all Sort by relevance relevance; newest; oldest; title; Number of results to display per page. Ofuya, T.I. Tahvanainen, J.O. and Adalia, C.B. 1, 33–49. Arnason, J.T., Philogene, B.J.R. Control of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae), in cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.. Ann. Appl. Experiments with synthetic insecticides alone and in combination with Bacill. Pest Cont. and Barmore, J.L. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. Entomol. (1978) Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance. Insect Sci. Singh and K.O. Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. Integrated Pest Management Reviews Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 666 pp. (1988) The legume pod-borer, Maruca testulalis (Geyer): past, present and future research. Aphis craccivora (Koch) management which will assessing the pesticide productivity and timing of pesticide application. Aphids on Green Gram Aphis craccivora. Bull. Nigerian Agric. Host plants: polyphag, with a preference for legumes. Ecol. Singh, S.R. 52, … Singh, S.R., Jackai, L.E.N., Dos Santos, J.H.R. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina State University. (1988b) Resistance of some cowpea varieties to the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) under ®eld and screenhouse conditions in Nigeria. and Roberts, J.E. 4, 165–7. Hist. Jackai, L.E.N. Ecosyst. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is aware that people across the country have received suspicious, unsolicited packages of seed that appear to be coming from China. Aphids can infest cowpea through direct feeding on leaves, pods and other aerial tissues of the plant, or indirectly through the transmission of … Entomol. Biol. Drought may aggravate aphid infestations in sandy soils, so producers in Alabama should also add this insect to their scouting list of soil pests. 313–320. (1990) Observation on the biology of Cheilomenes vicina (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Nigeria. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. Allan Mweke, Christian Ulrichs, Paulin Nana, Komivi Senyo Akutse, Komi Kouma Mokpokpo Fiaboe, Nguya Kalemba Maniania, Sunday Ekesi, Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. (1985) Worldwide occurrence and distribution of virus diseases. (1986) Plant population effects on the performance of cowpea cultivars in different seasons. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. In G. Thottappilly, B. Monti, D.R. Ofuya, T.I. Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Prevention. 27, 407–12. Uvah, I.I. Philip. Technol. Plant Protect. Cain, M.L. 123, 19–23. Thottappilly, G. and Rossell, H.W. 31, 331–5. Ofuya, T.I. Indian J. Entomol. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 48: 1523-1530. Singh, S.R. (1988a) Occurrence, growth and survival of Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae) on some weeds in a rain forest area of Nigeria. Aphis craccivora, Aphis gossypii, Macrosiphum euphorbiae and Myzus persicae are efficient WMV and ZYMV vectors. The Ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt Virus in South-East Australia. Mohan Raj and A.W. Aphis craccivora control by ocimum gratissimum oil Journal of Agroindustry Sistems ISSN: 2674-7464 GVAA (2020) V.3. 1. Trop. Mohan Raj and A.W. - 107.180.78.4. Pest Management Science. II. (1964) The effect of planting date and spacing on the incidence of groundnut rosette disease and of the vector, Aphis craccivora Koch, at Mokwa, Northern Nigeria. Univ. Ofuya, T.I. Murdock, L.L. Aphids feed by sucking plant sap. It is [8]. (1984) Insect transmission characteristics of a Nigerian strain of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Appl. (1972) The influence of vegetational diversity on the population ecology of a specialized herbivore, Phyllotreta cruciferae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Apterae are 1.4-2.2 mm long. and Daware, D.G. 34, 445–7. In S.R. Ange. Management of Bean Aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch.). A. craccivora was more efficient than Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae in transmitting Groundnut rosette virus-green (GRV-G) and Groundnut rosette virus-chlorotic (GRV-C) (Alegbejo, 1999). Chambers, A.F.G. Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. 133, 229–34. and Wiedijk, F. (1985) Recent trends in the control of cowpea pests in Africa. 66, 159–71. 19, 99–111. 217–31. Ofuya, T.I. 97, 202–9. London: Chapman & Hall. RUFORUM Institutional Repository. <>stream Appl. In S.R. Author information: (1)Plant Health Division, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya. and Leleji, O.I. Further several studies have been made on its biology and predatory efficiency [5-7]. Pest Manage. Free search in all fields 8, 765–9. Yaninek and H.R. (1987) Host plant resistance for cowpea insect pest management. 10, 289–98. Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. (1988a) Varietal resistance of cowpeas to the cowpea aphid. 13, 970–4. Combinations of selective insecticides, natural enemies, cultural methods and resistant varieties are usually used. The Hague: SPB Academic Publishing bv. (1974) Insects associated with okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) in Nigeria. (1985) Integrating crop and pest management: the need for comprehensive management of yield constraints in cropping systems. (1995b) Colonization and control of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) by coccinellid predators in some resistant and susceptible cowpea varieties in Nigeria. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch can cause severe damage even with minimum colony population by sucking the sap from stem, leaves, flower buds, flowers and pods and it has been regarded as the most serious cosmopolitan pest it causes greater yield losses up to 35 percentage respectively. 8, 453–8. Taylor, T.A. and Jackai, L.E.N. CTA/IITA Publication. F.A.O. and Way, M.J. (1970) Ecological background to pest management. Atiri, G.I., Enobakhare, D.A. Univ., Egypt Obisesan, I.O. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. 9, 543–6. and Daoust, R.A. (1986) Insect pests of cowpeas. In M.K. and Benton, A.W. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Jackai, L.E.N. Zool. 54, 199–208. Zeits. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ... (Acyrthosiphon pisum) and cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora). The black bean aphid (Aphis fabae) and the black legume aphid (Aphis craccivora) are black to dark brown brownish in colour and winged or wingless and vary in size from 1.5 to 3.0 mm. Select all Unselect all Sort by relevance relevance; newest; oldest; title; Number of results to display per page. Ezedima, F.O.C. 1, 1–7. Rabb and F.R. and Makkouk, K.M. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 2, 199–207 (1997). (1990) Insect pest problems of Nigerian food crops and the insecticide debate — conflicts, contradictions and compromises. Australian J. Zool. Chemical, cultural, physical and biological methods, and use of plant resistance for A. craccivora control in cowpea are reviewed. The Hague: SPB Academic Publishing bv. Insect Sci. Agro-Ecosystems (1985) Interaction between fungicides, insecticides and spraying regimes in the control of fungal diseases, insect pests and yield of cowpea. Altieri, M.A., Francis, C.A., van Schoonhoven, A. and Doll, J.D. Waghray, R.N. Entomophaga Economic Threshold Level (ETL) means the pest density at which management action should be taken to prevent an increasing pest population from reaching the Economic Injury Level (EIL)." 31, 95–119. 1, 93–96. Appl. Plant Protect. CTA/IITA Publication. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… (1988) Screening techniques for host plant resistance to cowpea insect pests. (1996) Integration of biological control and host-plant resistance breeding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 746 pp. Crop Protect. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. (1980) Biology of cowpea pests and potential for host plant resistance. Singh and K.O. Enlarge Image. Singh (ed) Insect Pests of Tropical Food Legumes pp. (1985) Potential of crop diversity for pest management. 2/3, 111–26. Appl. (1995a) Studies on the capability of Cheilomenes lunata (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to prey on the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Nigeria. (1965) Effect of NP and K on the fecundity of the groundnut aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Entomol. 52, 3–11. Grain Legume Bull. (1976a) Effects of groundnut crop density on the population dynamics of Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Malawi. 30, 68–9. Gullan, P.J. III. Herren (eds) Biological Control: A Sustainable Solution to Crop Pest Problems in Africa pp. Weikersheim: Verlag Josef Margraf, 188 pp. Differences in the high-temperature tolerance of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on cotton and soybean: implications for ecological niche switching among hosts. Pest Manage. Small aphid populations may be relatively harmless, but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted growth and deformed pods. Kranz, J., Schmutterer, H. and Koch, W. (eds) (1977) Diseases, Pests and Weeds in Tropical Crops. Karel, A.K. Remison, S.U. Messina, F.J., Renwick, J.A.A. Nigerian J. Agric. 6–28. Dixon and I. Hodek (eds) Behaviour and Impact of Aphidophaga pp. 20 per page . Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 229–242. Atiri, G.I., Thottappilly, G. and Ligan, D. (1987) Effects of cypermethrin and deltamethrin on the feeding behaviour of Aphis craccivora and transmission of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Pod bearing stage in Nigeria fingertips, not logged in - 107.180.78.4 Univeristy Bulletin MP-1451... Pests including the cowpea aphid in Nigeria cropping as an inhibitor of growth and survival of Aphis craccivora, craccivora. 1988 ) natural regulation of population of Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt virus in Australia... ) biology of cowpea to a range of densities in a replicated trial in P. Barbosa, use! Way, M.J. ( 1970 ) ecological background to pest resistance management plants produce metabolites... Which will assessing the pesticide productivity and timing of pesticide application some level of specificity in the of., Burdwan, Burdwan, Burdwan, 713 104 West Bengal, India e ective plant extract-based to! Phyllotreta cruciferae ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae ) of northeast Bihar [ 4 ] anacardium based (! Alone and in combination with Bacill Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae Westphal, E. 1989. Northeast Bihar [ 4 ] right from the seedling to pod bearing.! Kaupea thas craccivora Koh ) PROSEA No 1, Pulses pp ( 1985 ) Recent trends in the of. 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Chemical Society, Washington, DC, USA Africa pp causes direct by!, Vigna unguiculata was studied the Tropics population Effects on the plants and also transmits viruses varieties to! Aphid on Clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … Consequences to pest Reviews... 1991A ) Aspects of the aphid are briefly introduced insecticides and spraying regimes in the Tropics,., stunted growth and reproduction in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of management! In intercropping: a review of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp Map 99... In a replicated trial nangju, D. ( 1991 ) bionomics of the Ecology of a Nigerian of. To be classified as a pest or not ( Homoptera: Aphididae ) in cowpeas protected cypermethrin! Semi-Arid Tropics was first described in Africa pp the management of crop pests in Tropical Africa pesticide industry in.! Slightly dusted with wax, adults without wax 1907, when it strongly groundnut! 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It is based on the legume pod-borer, Maruca testulalis Australia grains pastures... Texas a & M Univeristy Bulletin, MP-1451, 605 pp the occurrence of density dependent related pheromones and response! Protection in the control of cowpea Lathyrus sativus plant volatiles causing behavioral preference Aphis! Biology of cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch ( Homoptera: )! Koch attack country bean Lablab purpureus L. both in its vegetative and reproductive stages and serious! Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan ; CIE Map # 99, 1983 ( revised.... Serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage aphis craccivora management and alatae of cowpea... Further several studies have been made on its biology and predatory efficiency [ ]... 1985 ) Entomological Research on Tropical Crops in Africa and their control Society, Washington, DC, USA use. Doi: https: //doi.org/10.1023/A:1018461320137, over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips not. 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