ABDA then sailed to intercept a convoy guarded by eight cruisers. Neptune was the fourth ship of its class and was the ninth Royal Navy vessel to carry the name. However on 20 July 1943 while en route from Espiritu Santo to join TF 74 she was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine, destroying an entire section of the port quarter. Certain elements not to scale. The main gun models would evolve from the Mark V to VI later, with a greater angle mounting. They also received from 1941 2 quadruple bofors 40 mm carriages. Author’s HD illustration of HMS neptune in 1944. Congratulated by Cunningham she gained the nickname “stormy petrel”. However fatefully she was sent to the American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) force. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The three ships of the second group were sold to the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) before World War II and renamed after Australian cities. She was instrumental in the radio bluff that scared Wilhelm Langsdorff up to scuttle his ship and later commit suicide. The Royal Navy light-cruiser HMS Leander was loaned to the New Zealand Division from 30 April 1937 until 8 May 1944. The models approved for the new ships were favourable to high speed. The next part of her career was Mediterranean, as appriopriate for a Greek hero, after a refit at Chatham where she received among others a Type 279 Radar. They were immediately recognizable by their unique truncated funnel (whereas the second group had two), and fought on four oceans, seeing heavy action from the Mediterranean to Guadalcanal. Her diversion helped the air attack on Taranto later. "[20], The Navy List gave the following composition of officers for the Leander in December 1885 (order as in the original):[21]. They were named after corvette until the last cruiser was decommissioned more than a century later. Overview of 4 vessels Citations for this data available on individual ship pages: Name Builder Laid Down In early 1939 she was deployed in the Pacific, off South America, and back South Atlantic Division, in March. Smith. She quickly capsized, with mosy of the crew but about 30 survivors which apparently drawn too. Type: Leander Class Cruiser. Their 5 pounds (2.27 kg) shell was filled with Lyddite-amatol. The Whitehead torpedoes are discharged from broadside ports on the lower deck, two forward and two aft."[15]. During the 9 July engagement she fired on an Italian Zara-class cruiser from 23,000 yards (21,000 m) and so participated in the Battle of Calabria (Or Punta Stilo). The 7,000-7,200 ton Leanders were armed with eight BL 6 inch Mk XXIII naval guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. "[15], "The Phaëton has been tried in the Solent. The committee appointed to inquire into all circumstances connected with the 1888 British naval manoeuvres reported as follows: The First Naval Lord, Admiral Sir Arthur Hood commented on this as follows: "Leander and her three sisters were very successful and may be seen as the ancestors of most [Royal Navy] cruisers for the rest of the century and beyond. Her last and most fateful duel began at 17:30 when the German ship revealed her true identity and with this surprise advantage, her six 6-in guns rapidly hit the Sydney at short range, hitting the cruiser’s bridge and gun director tower, damage the forward turrets, and set the aircraft on fire. To fit a search light on the poop, as a torpedo-boat coming up astern cannot be kept in the beam of the ones on the fore-bridge.". First cruiser of the second serie, HMS Amphion (D29) diverged extensively by several details. Fine vessels they are, and no doubt the Shah and the Raleigh, when they have got on board their new armament, will give a good account—a very good account indeed—of any cruiser in the world that is not an iron-clad. The class comprised HMS Leander, HMS Phaeton, HMS Amphion and HMS Arethusa. Both the Amphion and Arethusa lay in ordinary reserve until commissioned for the 1887 annual manoeuvres, so the date when the vessels were first commissioned was some time after they were completed. British light cruiser HMS Leander (C75) underway in 1943.. HMS Leander (75) was a light cruiser which served with the Royal Navy during World War II.She was the lead ship of a class of fourteen ships, the Leander-class light cruisers.. Leander was launched at Devonport on July 13 th 1929. Achilles seen from Ajax, en route for the River Plate, 1939. The rate of fire was slow as the mount only allowed a 60° elevation, and then the gun has to return to its max elevation of 80°. These ships were followed by the four ships of the Mersey type…"[11], The Leanders were primarily designed for trade protection. Forms the centrepiece of a carrier strike group when undertaking heavy assault missions. HMAS Sydney in her war paint in 1941 (AWM). The situation was serious enough and tense with officers that the NY police Dept sent a heavy force on the wharf in case. 11,000 nmi (20,000 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h). Carried 7-pdr and 9-pdr boat guns and field guns. En route to Malta she fend off several air attacks and spended all her AA ammunitions; After a stop in Alexandria for resupplying she spotted and engaged on 19 July the Italian cruisers Giovanni dalle Bande Nere and Bartolomeo Colleoni, assisted by destroyers. All results related to "cruiser leander-class" found on 80 scale modeling websites and the scalemates kit database. After missions back and forth from Singapore to Australia, she arrived at Tanjong Priok on 24 February 1942 in the midst of a Japanese air attack. "The first four ships of a large class laid down for the protection of commerce under Lord Northbrook's board were of the Leander type. Join us now! The light cruiser Orion ws in commission on 18 January 1934 with the Home Fleet before moving to serve with the North American and West Indies Station (8th Cruiser Squadron) and back home in February 1940. The news of this loss was morally crippling, as this represented until then 35% of total Australian losses in this war. ", 20 ft 8 in (6.30 m) aft, 19 ft 6 in (5.94 m) forward. After a westbound sweep, she joined Orion, Neptune, and the French battleship Lorraine shelling Bardia. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, eds. Leander class 6 ships The light cruiser HMS Ajax (22) of the Royal Navy. [301 kPa and 76 kPa] and 43 and 11.7 lb. See Conway's, List of Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty#1861 to 1882, Hansard HC Deb 18 March 1881 vol 259 cc1389-90, Hansard HC Deb 2 December 1884 vol 294 c455, Hansard HC Deb 16 March 1882 vol 267 c1102. "A new and better policy of unarmoured construction was inaugurated by the Admiralty of 1874-80. She also served in Crete, the Aegean islands and took part in the Battle of Cape Matapan. HMAS Hobart took part in the East African Campaign, Battle of the Coral Sea and Guadalcanal, Philippines campaign in 1944 and the Borneo/Aitape-Wewak campaigns. Destroyers On trials, 32.45 knots were reached by HMS Leander. Their range was sufficient to cross the Atlantic and back, about 5,730 nmi (10,610 km) at 13 knots (24 km/h). She was part of the fleet covering convoy MF3 (Operation MB6) when during the night of 11-12 October she intercepted a small Italian force. ", In Abrupt Reversal of Iran Strategy, Pentagon Orders Aircraft Carrier Home, Marine Corps to Stand Up First Marine Littoral Regiment in FY 2022, Norsepower Completes Installation of Two Tiltable Rotor Sails, US Navy halts deliveries of Freedom-class littoral combat ship, SECNAV Braithwaite bids farewell to sailors and Marines, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. Even in light cruiser standards, it was light and only kept in strategic areas: The magazine box was protected by 3 in (76 mm) walls, the main deck 1 in (25.4 mm) and the turrets were protected by 1 in (25.4 mm) overall, whih was fairly unsufficient against anything else than destroyers, their main prey. They also lost catapult and crane in 1941 (Ajax-Orion) and 1943 (Leander, Achilles). This starter kit includes: 1/72nd Leander hull (157cm x 17.3cm) Any plan you wish from the Leander Class 1/72nd Frigate Folder. Jump to: navigation, search. Other than that, modifications included the placement of the windows on the bridge walls, alteration in the higher up fire control telemeter, masts, ventilation shafts, boats, crane, catapult, AA guns and even the secondary DP guns, previously forward abaft the main bridge, and relocated aft, as well as the forecastle. In this duel, which started at 20 kilometres (11 nmi) at dawn, and she was hit, four crew killed, and captain, W. E. Parry wounded; But she went on firing until 07:15 when, while the distance fell to only 4 km, Graf Spee, hit too, broke off the engagement. The treaty allowed Great Britain to build a further 91,000 tons of cruisers up to the end of 1936. Machinery spaces had the side armour extended from to 141 feet (43 m) almost double the original design. She actively served in that role until 1943 and joined the US Navy Task Force 67 to operate at Guadalcanal. The total represented 845 tons of cruisers up to the Mediterranean Fleet at Gibraltar to assist 2nd... 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